In the United States, emergency medical technicians, who may also be included in the paramedic profession, earn around $36,110 in pay per year. In Canada, the EMT salary ranges between C$34,000 (US$26,492) and C$85,000 (US$66,231). Emergency medical technicians make between £21,909 (US$29,274) and £68,484 (US$91,535) in the United Kingdom. The EMT salary in Australia ranges between AU$45,718 (US$35,062) and AU$95,732 (US$73,418), while in New Zealand the EMT salaries range from NZ$45,000 (US$31,499) and NZ$75,000 (US$52,498).
How Much Does an EMT Make?
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EMT Salary Determinant Factors
Whether the employer operates in the public or private sector significantly impacts the pay of emergency medical technicians. In addition, other factors include experience, the skill level of the EMT and the willingness to work or be on call for irregular periods. In certain countries, government laws and standards determining minimum compensation or benefits.
1. How Much Does an EMT Make by State?
EMT Salary in the US
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, emergency medical technicians and paramedics earn around $36,110 per year. The median salary stands at$31,980 and the highest salaries are registered in Washington, District of Columbia, Alaska, Hawaii, and Connecticut. Payscale, however, reports the median EMT salary in the US at $31,000 per year.
EMT Salary in Canada
PayScale reports an hourly wage of $25.77 per hour for paramedics in Canada. This translates to an annual salary of C$56,000 per year. Total pay for Canadian paramedics ranges from C$31,000 to C$72,000.
EMT Salary in the UK
On average, paramedics in the United Kingdom make between £21,909 and £68,484 depending on their experience level according to Prospects.co.uk. Payscale, however, reports the median EMT salary in the UK at ₤25,000 per year.
EMT Salary in Australia
In Australia, EMTs earn on average AU$58,638. Total pay runs from AU$45,718 to AU$95,732.
EMT Salary in New Zealand
The New Zealand Government says that paramedics in New Zealand have salaries between NZD$45,000 and NZD$75,000 depending on their experience level.
2. How Much Does an EMT Make According to Experience?
PayScale states that basic EMTs in the United States make around $32,000 as new hires and, after 20 years, earn approximately $60,093 annually.
According to the same source, EMTs in Canada start at C$39,171 per year. Afterward, the highest levels, at around C$72,617, are typically achieved at 20 years experience. And pay actually declines to C$64,000 per year after that.
In the United Kingdom, “qualified paramedics”, classified as starters, receive between £22,000 and £28,500 per year and fit within Band 5 in the NHS. Those considered “experienced” at Band 6 earn between £26,302 and £35,225. At the “highly experienced” level, which includes senior paramedics and team leaders at Band 8c, earn between £56,104 and £68,484 per year.
New paramedics or emergency management technicians in New Zealand generally receive between NZD$45,000 and NZD$58,000 annually. For experienced paramedics, pay ranges between NZD$58,000 and NZD$75,000.
According to PayScale, entry-level paramedics start off with AU$45,718 in Australia. After around 10 years of experience, pay climbs from around AU$60,000 per year to a peak of AU$95,000 by year 10. Similarly to Canada, as a paramedic reaches late career, after 20 years, the median pay dips to AU$74,000.
3. How Much Does an EMT Make According to Work Environment?
Perhaps surprisingly, EMTs and paramedics in the United States make more with public employers than in private employment. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, EMTs employed by hospitals earn a median salary of $34,810. Those who are local government employees have a median pay of $34,770. The median pay in ambulance services is $29,710 per year.
This follows a survey in the Journal of Emergency Medical Services, which reports EMT-Bs (EMT-Basic) and EMT-Ps (EMT-Paramedic) made $50,221 and $55,037 in the public sector. Those in the private sector earned $33,116 and $46,349 respectively.
The type of the emergency medical technician’s skills can also impact salary. For instance, PayScale reports that paramedics in Canada with critical care skills can earn 43 percent above the average salary. In the emergency medical services skill set, pay is about seven percent higher than average.
Positions as EMTs and paramedics are typically full time. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, about one-third of EMTs worked more than 40 hours per week. In Australia, the average work-week was 42 hours. Paramedics who work in the National Health Service log generally 37 hours per week.
With the occurrence of injury-producing events, EMTs must be available at all times for a prompt response. Thus, the typical EMT may have 12 or 24-hour shifts of being on call and responding as needed. There are also volunteer paramedics, who work part-time, and can fill shorter shifts.
Bonuses and Benefits
Australia’s Fair Work Commission affords allowances for ambulance workers for reasons such as working shifts between 6:00 p.m. and 8 a.m. Further, those who work on Saturdays and Sundays on a regular basis get a “loading” of 50 percent on top of regular pay for work on these days.
The United Kingdom’s National Health Service offers paramedics 27 free days each year. Upon ten years of service, six more days of holidays are added each year.
As far as go pensions, employees in the National Health Service of the United Kingdom can obtain pension benefits at age 55 years. In Australia and New Zealand, emergency medical technicians and paramedics participate in superannuation, whereby employers contribute to employees’ retirement benefits.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projects, through 2024, a 24 percent rise in the employment of EMTs and paramedics, translating to an increase of 58,500 employees. This is attributed to the rise of incidents that require the use of EMTs. For instance, the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported 2.44 million injuries on United States roads in 2015. In addition, fatalities in the United States numbered 35,092 in 2015. Besides these incidentes, other drivers of the need for EMTs include criminal activities and potential injuries at sporting events.
According to the Australian Government, the number of job openings through November 2019 is expected to run at or below 5,000. In New Zealand, the prospects of finding employment are rated as “average.” The New Zealand government says positions are highly competitive, in spite of the rising demand for services.
Generally, budgets of local government employers can determine the available jobs. Where agencies seek to lower operating costs and trim budgets, EMT positions may be filled through private ambulance services or by part-time volunteers. Thus, prospects may prove higher in rural areas, where those in need of paramedic services are spread over several miles. In these locales, more emergency technicians can improve response times. Local governments and volunteer rescue squads may afford job openings.
Emergency medical technicians are in high demand due to the prevalence of events, natural and otherwise, that cause personal injuries. In certain countries, this demand enhances job prospects. Emergency medical technicians in other countries may face significant competition for spots, even as job openings increase.
The EMT salary is heavily affected by factors such as experience, willingness to take particular work hours and the type of employer. In addition, the job can be quite stressful and many EMTs find the pay and stress levels are not quite in accordance.
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