The mean family physician salary in the United States is $200,810, while those in Canada have a mean pay of C$143,993 ($106,559 USD). Pay for these professionals runs from £56,525 ($73,671 USD) to £85,298 ($111,173 USD) in the United Kingdom and averages AU$160,000 ($119,336 USD) in Australia. In New Zealand, pay for family physicians begins at NZD$70,000 ($48,469 USD) and reaches as high as NZD$212,000 ($146,791 USD).
Discover the factors that affect how family physicians are compensated across various countries.
How Much Does a Family Physician Make?
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Family Physician Salary Determinant Factors
Certain forces help mold the pay of a family physician. The type of employer represents one factor, as many family physicians work in group or solo practices. For instance, an estimated 78,410 family physicians in the United States worked in physician’s offices.
In Canada, approximately 46 percent of family physicians participated in group practices, while 15 percent were solo practitioners.
Self-employment doesn’t necessarily translate to higher salaries. Provinces in Canada and states in Australia regulate the pay of general practitioners. In the United Kingdom, self-employed general practitioners have compensation determined by contracts with the Clinical Commissioning Group.
In addition to setting and location, accumulating experience can influence family physician salary in many cases.
1. How Much Does a Family Physician Make by Country?
Family Physician Salary in the US
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the mean pay for family and general practitioners in the United States stands at $200,810 as of May 2016. The median is $190,490, with the top 25 percent of earners making above $208,000 per year.
Family Physician Salary in Canada
In Canada, the mean salary as reported by PayScale runs at C$143,993. Total pay ranges from C$59,556 to C$305,661.
Family Physician Salary in the UK
The National Health Service states that general practitioners, who function as family physicians, in the United Kingdom make between £56,525 and £85,298.
Family Physician Salary in Australia
According to PayScale, family physicians in Australia have a mean salary of AU$160,000. Total pay ranges from AU$49,022 to AU$264,644.
Family Physician Salary in New Zealand
The New Zealand Government reports that salaries for general practitioners run from NZD$70,000 to NZD$212,000.
2. How Much Does a Family Physician Make According to Experience?
Entry-level family physicians in Canada hold a median pay of C$122,000. The median rises to C$148,000 for those with five years of experience and remains generally level for those who log ten years. Shortly thereafter, the median begins an ascent up to C$202,000 after 20 years of experience.
In New Zealand, aspiring general practitioners must have 11 years of training. Trainee general practitioners make between NZD$70,000 and NZD$125,000. Salaries for experienced general practitioners range between NZD$113,000 and NZD$212,000.
According to PayScale, experience does not significantly impact the pay of U.S. family physicians. Median pay for entry-level physicians runs $166,000, and modestly rises to $174,000 at five years of experience, $181,000 at ten years, and $187,000 after 20 years.
3. How Much Does a Family Physcian Make According to Work Environment?
In the United States, family physicians in “Offices of Physicians” earn a mean salary of $208,600. Those in “Outpatient Care Centers” make $207,200, while the mean pay comes to $196,170 in “General Medical and Surgical Hospitals” and $87,040 in “Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools.”
In Canada, where provinces play a major role in healthcare funding, location heavily factors into pay. According to the Canadian Government’s “Job Bank,” the median salary for general practitioners and family physicians stands at C$150,485 in Newfoundland and Labrador, C$129,707 in Ontario, and C$104,451 in British Columbia.
Australia’s individual states generally determine the pay of general practitioners.
Generally, family physicians work full-time. Those in their own practice typically can set their own days and hours, which tend to be weekdays and daytime hours. Evenings and weekend shifts among family physicians can accommodate patients with urgent needs or other time commitments. In hospitals, family physicians often keep nights, weekends, holidays and other irregular work periods.
General practice surgeries (offices) in the United Kingdom operate generally between 8:30 am and 6:30 p.m. by contract. Where the surgery has elected to be open at additional hours, general practitioners may work evenings and weekends.
According to the Canadian Medical Association, family physicians in Canada logged a mean of 47 hours per week. They spent 26 hours per month on call in direct patient care, while at least seven in ten were on call up to 120 hours per month.
In Australia, roughly eight out of ten “Generalist Medical Practitioners” log full-time hours. Among the full-time practitioners, the workweek lasts an average of 42.5 hours per week. Full-time workers overall in Australia put in 40.2 hours a week.
Bonuses and Benefits
According to PayScale, family physicians in the United States fetch bonuses between $4,961 and $58,175. Profit-sharing contributes from $511 to $146,807 to the pay of family physicians in the United States. PayScale reports bonuses as high as C$48,936 for family physicians in Canada.
In the United Kingdom, general practice physicians can receive bonuses between 20 percent and 50 percent above base salary for working weekends, outside of the 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. time frame or over 40 hours per week.
Australia offers “salary packaging” for general practitioners who work in public hospitals. Under this regime, such professionals can receive up to 30 percent of their pay without paying taxes.
Family physicians may earn bonuses based upon locating in rural and underserved areas or for performance. In Canada, certain provinces incentivize care by family physicians and others for special needs patients and for treating particular conditions.
Overall, demand for family physicians and general practitioners will remain strong due to increased access to healthcare, especially through the broader availability of health insurance. Many geographic areas experience shortages in these professionals. However, the rise of nurse practitioners, physicians assistants and technology that can perform general practice services may temper to an extent job growth.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the United States had 139,800 “family and general practitioners” as of 2014. The Bureau projects job growth in this profession of ten percent, or an additional 14,300 jobs, by 2024.
The Canadian Government’s “Job Bank” projects that, by 2024, Canada will have only 12,100 seekers for 28,300 openings for “General Practitioners and Family Physicians.”
According to Job Outlook, Australia had 59,500 general medical practitioners as of November 2015. The country could see between 10,001 and 25,000 job openings in the field by November 2019.
The New Zealand Government rates job prospects as “good” for general practitioners, citing a shortage of professionals in the country.
In general, experience and work settings in group or solo practices can enhance compensation. In these settings, family physicians can earn bonuses or participate in profit-sharing arrangements. Where government bodies set pay guidelines, opportunities may arise to earn relocation and performance incentives. Family physician shortages in many areas should sustain employment and pay prospects.