In the United States, licensed practical nurses earn about $44,030 per year, while those in Canada receive around C$51,979 ($39,184 USD) per year. Salaries for nurses in the United Kingdom span from £22,000 ($27,005 USD) to £41,000 ($50,328 USD). In Australia, the mean salary for enrolled nurses, the equivalent of LPNs in the US, is AU$56,160 ($42,242 USD). And in New Zealand, an LPN salary is about NZD$40,000 ($28,566 USD) to NZD$46,000 ($32,853 USD).
How Much Does an LPN Make?
|LPN Salary||US||Canada||UK||Australia||New Zealand|
|Annual Salary||$44,030||C$51,979 |
LPN Salary Determinant Factors
Overall, experience does not substantially influence salaries. LPNs usually work under the supervision of registered nurses and have restrictions on their scope of practice. For example, LPNs generally cannot administer medications. In fact, these nurses may rely on their experience as LPNs to become Registered Nurses. The type of employer can factor into pay.
Skills of the LPN can impact salaries. For instance, according to PayScale, LPNs in Canada with skills in dialysis earn approximately ten percent above the average salary. Those skilled in home health make eight percent higher than average.
1. How Much Does an LPN Make by State?
LPN Salary in the US
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, licensed practical nurses in the United States make $44,030 in general, as of May 2015. The mean salary is $43,170, with the top one-fourth of earnings making above $50,160 and the top ten percent earning more than $59,150.
LPN Salary in Canada
PayScale reports that the average pay for LPNs in Canada is $24.99 per hour or C$51,979 per year. Total pay runs between C$39,624 and C$64,012.
LPN Salary in the UK
The United Kingdom does not have a specific category of Licensed Practical Nurses. According to the National Career Service, nurses in the United Kingdom make between £22,000 and £41,000 per year.
Salary in Australia
According to PayScale, LPNs in Australia usually make about AU$27.00 per hour. This translates to an annual mean salary of AU$56,160. Earnings range from AU$36,010 to AU$66,782 per year.
Salary in New Zealand
Enrolled nurses in New Zealand make between NZD$40,000 and NZD$46,000 per year, depending on experience.
2. How Much Does an LPN Make According to Experience?
According to PayScale, growth in salaries of LPNs in the United States according to experience is modest. Entry-level LPNs start at a mean pay of $38,000. By five years, the median is $40,000, while the usual pay is $42,000 at ten years and $43,000 after 20 years.
PayScale indicates that median salaries in Canada generally remain level at most experience levels. For entry-level LPNs, the median is C$51,000, while salaries reach a median of only C$54,000 after ten years, and remain the same after that.
In Australia, LPNs actually have lower salaries as experience increases. Experienced LPNs actually earn seven percent below less than what a licensed practical nurse makes, says PayScale. Australia’s Fair Work Commission sets the overall award for enrolled nurses at AU$797.80 to AU$839.20 per week (AU$41,486 to AU$43,638 per year).
Nurses in the United Kingdom generally earn from £22,000 to £28,500 as starters and £26,250 to £41,000 as “experienced” nurses. Those who reach consultant status can make more than £40,000 per year.
3. How Much Does an LPN Make According to Work Environment?
Generally, in the United States, salaries for LPNs typically do not differ significantly by setting. For example, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that, as of May 2015, LPNs made from $40,905 in “Offices of Physicians” to $45,460 in “Home Health Care Services”. LPNs employed by “Insurance Carriers,” of which there were 1,040 as of May 2015, had the highest salaries at $50,230. According to PayScale, LPNs in the United States in hospice care settings earned six percent above average, while those in home health care made two percent less.
Canadian LPNs who worked in home health make 8% more than the average, according to PayScale. Salaries for LPNs in Canada in an emergency room and “medicine/surgery” settings are about 5% above the ordinary LPN salary and about 3% more in hospice settings.
In Australia, salary ranges of enrolled nurses differ by state. For example, according to Health Times, nurses in the public system in Queensland make between AU$57,929 and AU$67,169. Pay for those in Tasmania ranges from AU$53,817 to AU$59,600. Where an enrolled nurse falls in the range depends on experience.
Generally, licensed practical nurses work full-time. In the United States, approximately twenty percent held part-time positions.. Nurses in the United Kingdom typically work 37.5 hours per week. In Australia, enrolled and mothercraft nurses logged 34.2 hours of work per week. This is less than the average work time of 40.2 hours per week for most occupations.
For many LPNs, especially in round-the-clock facilities, shifts run nights, weekends, holidays and other irregular hours. In the United States, 38 percent of LPNs worked in nursing, and residential care facilities and another 17 percent were employed in hospitals. Depending on the employer and location, shifts can last at least eight hours at a time.
Bonuses and Benefits
Bonuses for LPNs in Canada range between C$99.33 and C$4,027, reports PayScale. In the United States, LPNs have earned bonuses as high as $7,796. Factors such as performance or willingness to work in underserved areas determine whether LPNs receive bonuses and the about.
Enrolled nurses in Australia and New Zealand have their retirements funded through superannuation or mandatory employer contributions. Nurses employed by the United Kingdom’s National Health Service can draw pension benefits generally at age 65. Australia and New Zealand also entitle employees to paid leave and paid holidays.
The need of the “baby-boomer” generation for long-term nursing care, along with a generally aging population, should contribute significantly to the need for licensed practical nurses. For instance, Canadian Business magazine states that, by 2050, approximately one in three Canadians will be at least 60 years old.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment of LPNs and Licensed Vocational Nurses is expected to grow by 16 percent through 2024. This equates to 117,300 new hires in this field. “Nursing Care Facilities (Skilled Nursing)” employed the largest number of LPNs, at 212,980. “General Medical and Surgical Hospitals” had 95,580 LPNs, followed by “Offices of Physicians” employing 94,600.
Similarly, Canadian Business magazine reports that Canada could experience a shortage of licensed practical nurses by 2020, with nearly 60,000 full-time jobs vacant.
On the other hand, the Australian Government projects a drop in the employment of “Enrolled and Mothercraft Nurses” through November 2020. Job openings through November 2019 should number between 5,001 and 10,000. As of November 2015, there were 20,500 enrolled and mothercraft nurses. However, by 2025, Australia could have a shortage of licensed practical nurses as well. They could need as many as 109,000 nurses, suggesting an eventual long-term uptick in the employment of enrolled nurses.
While the pay of licensed practical nurses is not likely to rise significantly with work experience, employment prospects for LPNs should generally remain solid. The aging population and the resulting demand for long-term care in nursing homes will contribute to the need for LPNs, and perhaps even to an increase in LPN salary. Patients may seek more medical attention with increased access to health insurance. Typically, nurses can expect higher pay by qualifying as Registered Nurses or as Nurse Practitioners.
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